Back in June 2013, the American Land Title Association (ALTA) came out with best practices that appeared to be a win-win for lenders and the real estate industry. As the guidelines are currently written, many small title agencies could lose their businesses due to the costs. Consequently, lenders and consumers take the brunt of fewer choices and higher costs.
The ALTA guidelines were designed as a result of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau 2012 bulletin that declared lending institutions would be held accountable for their own actions and for the actions of third-party vendors. The purpose of the best practices is to assist lenders in making it easy to manage third-party vendors. There are seven pillars that make up the ALTA guidelines.
These seven pillars elevate the professionalism of the title industry and encourage lending institutions to comply. As of August 1st, the best practices were implemented and met the soft deadline; however, there are four unintended consequences.
ALTA procedures were meant to be mere suggestions. There are no specific guidelines to examine title companies. Consequently, much confusion has set-in with title companies because of concerns of not being able to compete in the industry without a set checklist to comply.
Small companies simply can?t compete with the resources of large title companies. To meet the demands of the best practices, it will be hard, if not impossible, for them to afford the workforce to meet these compliances. Even the larger companies will have to hire people that are dedicated to assuring compliance, but once again, the smaller companies will most likely have to close their doors or merge with larger title companies due to lack of funds.
A surge of mergers and acquisitions will most likely occur in the title industry due to the reasons explained above. Small title companies will have to merge in order to obtain compliance resulting in fewer choices of title companies for consumers and lending institutions.
Sustaining compliance requires significant funds and as business costs increase so too are consumer expenditures.
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